Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum) is one native species that you will not want to pass up for your garden or project. This woodland perennial has beautiful five petal flowers that range in colour from pale to deep pink, and in some cases can appear lilac or deep purple. These flowers typically bloom in the late Spring to early Summer, over a period of six to seven weeks.
Wild Geranium is clump forming, developing stunning patches that prove irresistible to butterflies and bees. Most commonly found in woods, thickets, and shaded roadsides, the plants mound style foliage can grow up to 24” high and 18” wide.
Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum) performs best in part shade areas of borders and woodland gardens, and can be used as groundcover. It is a tough plant, which adapts to various growing conditions however, it is recommend that you plant it with plenty of organic matter to emulate its normal conditions in a woodland or forest.
In a garden settling, it is important to plant a few later season plants with Geranium maculatum because its leaves can show summer stress when the weather is excessively hot and dry. Some great companions for Wild Geranium are:
- False Solomon’s Seal (Maianthemum racemosum)
- Great White Trillium (Trillium grandiflorum)
- Wild Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
- Closed Gentian (Gentiana andrewsii)
- Large-Leaved Aster (Eurybea macrophylla)
- Round-Lobed Heptatica (Hepatica americana)
The Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum) is unique in the way it spreads its seeds once its blooming season is complete. The plant’s flowers will give way to beak shaped seed capsules or pods that resembles a crane’s bill. This capsule will dry until it splits and catapults the seeds away from the parent plant.
The genus name Geranium comes from the Greek word geranos, which means crane. This is a reference to the fruit that we mentioned above, which resembles the head and beak of a crane.