If there’s any month that’s more Canadian than July, we don’t know what it is. Sure…Canada is known around the world for its cold winter months, but (at least here in Ontario) we get to experience all four seasons in all their glory. Including the hot, hot days of the summer. Not to mention, we’ve got a whole day to celebrate our country in July! So, we thought that the best way to honour our country this month was to showcase a truly Canadian plant. One that’s stood as a symbol of our country for generations, the maple tree. Specifically, we chose to profile the Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum). This big, beautiful tree stands tall, is relatively easily grown, and is one of many great varieties of maple trees.
Acer saccharum is a large tree, reaching upwards of 40-80 feet, and has been known to live for more than 200 years in ideal conditions. Its leaves are yellow-green and range in size from 8-20 cm long. Its bark is smooth and gray and becomes darker and splits as the tree ages. The seeds from the sugar maple are contained in pods that are often referred to as keys.
The leaf of the Sugar Maple is the one that is found on the Canadian flag and is the national tree of Canada. As if this wasn’t Canadian enough, the Sugar Maple gets its name from the sweet sap it produces, which is used to make syrup! It takes about 40 litres of sugar maple sap to make 1 litre of maple syrup.
- Ensure you have enough room. Sugar Maple can exceed 40 feet high and its trunk diameter can reach 90 cm.
- Moisture: Medium
- Sun: Full sun to part shade
- Soil: Easily grown in average, medium, or well-drained soil. Prefers fertile, slightly acidic soil.
So, if you’re looking to add a bit of Canadiana to your project then look no further than the Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum). For more information on this species, CLICK HERE.