Hardiness Zone: 2-8 Height: 4-7 feet; 1.2-2.1 metres Spread: 1-3 feet; 0.3-0.9 metres Sun: Part shade to partial sun Water: Moist to medium Wildlife: This plant attracts bees, bee flies and butterflies as well as syrphid flies who will also feed on the pollen. Predatory insects include parasitic wasps, spiders, ladybird beetles etc. White-Tailed Deer do not eat the foliage due to its bitter taste. Bloom Colour: Greenish-Pale Yellow Culture: Dry, sunny areas will cause wilting. Optimal conditions are light shade to partial sun in a loamy soil. Noteworthy Characteristics: A member of the mint family, the plant is a fast-growing and strong-stemmed perennial. The central stem and some secondary stems end in spikes that are densely covered with flowers, though only a few bloom at the same time. Each flower develops into four nutlets. Colonies will grow due to rhizomes. Garden Uses: Plant in a native wildflower area, woodland or butterfly garden.
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