Hamamelis virginiana
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Hardiness Zone: 3-8 Height: 15-20 feet; 5-6 metres Spread: 15-20 feet; 5-6 metres Sun: Part shade to partial sun Water: Medium Wildlife: Various species of flies and beetles are attracted to the flowers. Birds and small mammals feed on the seeds. Bloom Colour: Yellow Culture: Prefers average moisture, well-drained, sandy or loamy soil. Grows well in soil with high amounts of organic matter. Noteworthy Characteristics: Witch-Hazel has multiple, leaning trunks and takes the form of either an erect shrub or a shrubby tree. It has alternate, oval-shaped leaves with serrated margins and they are paler underneath. The foliage turns yellow in the fall. The bark is light brown and ranges from smooth to scaly. The bright yellow flowers appear in clusters and some later give way to hairy, 2-celled seed capsules that take a year to mature. The capsules eventually explode and eject the black seeds they contain.