Hardiness Zone: 3-9 Height: 3-12 feet; 1-3.7 metres Spread: 3-12 feet; 1-3.7 metres Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium to wet Wildlife: Berries are devoured by 49 species of birds, including songbirds, winter waterfowl, and game birds. Small mammals enjoy the fruits and seeds as well. Bloom Colour: Greenish White Tolerates: Wet soil; clay soil, air pollution Culture: Easily grown in average, acidic, medium to wet soils. Good tolerance for poorly drained soils. Only fertilized flowers on female plants will produce the attractive red berries that are the signature of the species. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears. Noteworthy Characteristics: Ilex verticillata is a slow-growing, deciduous shrub with an upright-rounded habit. In the wild, it often suckers to form large thickets or colonies. Its berries are quite showy and will persist throughout the winter.
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