Sambucus racemosa
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Hardiness Zone: 4-8 Height: 3-20 feet; 0.9-6 metres Spread: 3-20 feet; 0.9-6 metres Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Moist to wet Wildlife: Food and cover for birds and small mammals; flower nectar attracts hummingbirds. Bloom Colour: White Tolerates: Wind; air pollution; clay soil Culture: Easily grown in light (sandy), medium (loam) and heavy (clay) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or full sun. It prefers moist soil. Noteworthy Characteristics: A globular shrub with tightly clustered basal stems. Upright branches become arching with age. Small white flowers in conical spikes are followed by clusters of pea-sized, red berries. Stems, roots and foliage are poisonous if eaten but berries may be consumed as jelly or wine after cooking. The dense root system makes it useful for soil stabilization and erosion control on moist sites. Garden Uses: Naturalizing; erosion control