Juniperus virginiana
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Hardiness Zone: 2-9 Height: 30-65 feet; 9-20 metres Spread: 8-25 feet; 2.4-8 metres Sun: Full sun Water: Medium Wildlife: Various species of insect larvae, butterfly and moth caterpillars, flies, and beetles feed on this tree. Birds and certain mammals feed on the fruit and the trees provide excellent nesting habitat for a variety of songbirds, hawks and owls. Tolerates: Drought Culture: Prefers moist to dry, well-drained soils. Grows well in low-nutrient soil that contains rocks, sand, clay, or gravel. Noteworthy Characteristics: Red Cedar is a relatively small evergreen tree with a conical to columnar form and a tapering trunk. The bark is reddish brown and separates into thin shreds. The tree has both awl-shaped (on younger trees) and scale-shaped leaves (on older trees). Both are dark bluish-green in colour but become yellowish brown in the winter. Pollen cones and seed cones develop on separate trees. The seed cones are berry-like and mature from green to blue with a whitish powder coating.