Ostrya virginiana
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Hardiness Zone: 3-9 Height: 25-40 feet; 7.5-12 metres Spread: 20-30 feet; 6-9 metres Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium Wildlife: The seeds, buds and catkins serve as a food source for songbirds, squirrels, pheasants, and grouse. Tolerates: Deer; drought; clay soil Culture: Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Noteworthy Characteristics: Ironwood is a small to medium-sized, understory tree with a generally rounded crown. It features birch-like dark yellowish-green leaves. The flowers are not particularly showy, although the male catkins are present throughout winter. Female catkins are followed by drooping clusters of sac-like, seed-bearing pods which somewhat resemble the fruit of hops. It is commonly called ironwood because of its extremely hard and dense wood. Garden Uses: Lawn tree, street tree or woodland garden.