Vernonia missurica
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Hardiness Zone: 4-9 Height: 1.0-1.5 metres; 3.0-5.0 feet Spread: 1.0-1.2 metres; 3.0-4.0 feet Sun: Full sun Water: Medium to wet Wildlife: Attractive to bees, butterflies, birds Bloom Colour: Magenta purple Tolerates: Deer; Wet soil Culture: Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun. Overall plant height may be reduced by cutting back stems in late spring. Remove flower heads before seed develops to avoid any unwanted self-seeding. Requires consistently moist soils. Noteworthy Characteristics: Ironweed typically occurs in moist open ground along streams, wooded swamps, low meadows, prairies, fields and waste places This is an upright perennial that typically grows 3-5 Garden Uses: Naturalize in cottage gardens, wildflower meadows, prairies or native plant gardens. Also effective as a background plant for borders.