Sambucus canadensis
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Hardiness Zone: 3-9 Height: 5-12 feet; 1.5-3.7 metres Spread: 5-12 feet; 1.5-3.7 metres Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium to wet Wildlife: Berries are relished by many bird species and mammals. Bloom Colour: White Tolerates: Erosion; clay soil; wet soil Culture: Grow in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, humus-rich soils. Spreads by root suckers to form colonies. Prune out dead or weakened stems in early spring. Noteworthy Characteristics: Common elder is a loose, graceful, deciduous shrub. Large, flat-topped clusters of small, fragrant, white flowers appear in spring and are followed by clusters of dark purple to black, berry-like fruits in late summer. Fruit may be used to make preserves, jellies, pies and wine. Leaves, stems, roots and unripe fruit have some toxicity if ingested, causing nausea and cramping. Garden Uses: Massed in naturalized areas where suckering spread is acceptable screen.