Carya cordiformis
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Hardiness Zone: 4-9 Height: 15-24 metres; 50-80 feet Spread: 9-15 metres; 30-50 feet Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium to wet Tolerates: Black Walnut Culture: Best grown in humusy, rich, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best performance occurs in moist soils. Plants are generally intolerant of shade. This tree needs a large space within which to grow. Noteworthy Characteristics: Bitternut hickory is a deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ tall with an irregular, oval-rounded crown. It is native to forested areas (wet bottom lands to some upland dry sites. Leaves turn yellow in fall. Female flowers give way to inedible rounded nuts, but only after the tree reaches about 25 years old. Smooth gray bark develops ridges as it matures. Several species of moth are attracted to the foliage. Garden Uses: A tall ornamental shade tree for large properties and parks.