Abies balsamea
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Hardiness Zone: 3-6 Height: 50-70 feet; 15-21 metres Spread: 15-25 feet; 4.5-7.5 metres Sun: Full sun Water: Medium Wildlife: Various species rely on Balsam Fir as a food source and for shelter. Small mammals such as squirrels and mice feed on the seeds. The wood of this tree can also be used by beavers to build their dams. Culture: Prefers moist soil that is rich and well-drained. Cold climates are ideal. Noteworthy Characteristics: Balsam Fir is a pyramidal-shaped evergreen that is commonly used as a Christmas tree. The needles are smooth, flat and dark green with blunt tips. The foliage is very aromatic. The bark is dull green to gray in colour and smooth with blisters that contain resin (balsam). The branches are whorled and the bark becomes scalier as it matures. Balsam Fir tends to start producing cones after 20 to 30 years. They are a dark purplish colour but mature to brown and stand erect on the branches.