Corylus americana
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Hardiness Zone: 4-9 Height: 10-16 feet; 3-5 metres Spread: 8-13 feet; 2.5-4 metres Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium to moist Wildlife: Seeds and catkins are eaten by many birds and small mammals. The leaves, twigs, and catkins are browse and the dense, low growth provides cover and nesting sites for many wildlife species. The male catkins are a winter food for turkey and ruffed grouse. Tolerates: Clay soil Culture: Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prompt removal of root suckers will help maintain plant appearance, and, if desired, help prevent thicket formation. Noteworthy Characteristics: American hazelnut is a deciduous multi-stemmed shrub with showy male catkins (flowers) and inconspicuous female catkins in early spring. Female flowers give way to small, egg-shaped, edible nuts (maturing July-August) which are encased in leafy, husk-like, ragged-edged bracts. Fall color is quite variable.