Ulmus americana
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Hardiness Zone: 2-9 Height: 60-80 feet; 18-25 metres Spread: 40-70 feet; 12-21 metres Sun: Full sun Water: Medium Wildlife: Flower bud, flower, and seeds are eaten by small mammals and birds. Larval host for Mourning Cloak, Columbia Silkmoth, Question Mark butterfly, Painted Lady butterfly and Comma butterfly. Bloom Colour: Reddish-green Tolerates: Drought; Black walnut; air pollution Culture: Grow in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. Prefers rich, moist loams. Adapts to both wet and dry sites. Noteworthy Characteristics: American elm is a medium to large deciduous tree with a vase-shaped, broad-rounded crown. Insignificant small green flowers appear in spring before the foliage emerges. Seeds mature in April-May as the leaves reach full size. Leaves typically turn an undistinguished yellow in fall. Garden Uses: May be used as a lawn, shade or street tree. Susceptible to elm diseases.