Fagus grandifolia
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Hardiness Zone: 3-9 Height: 50-80 feet; 15-24 metres Spread: 40-80 feet; 12-24 metres Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium Wildlife: The nuts are readily consumed by birds and mammals due to their high nutritional value. The tree itself provides nesting habitat for birds and dens for small mammals. Insects such as aphids, beetles, moth caterpillars, and leafhoppers feed on this tree. Bloom Colour: Yellowish-green Tolerates: Shade Culture: Prefers moist to medium soil that is well-drained. Grows well in loamy soil. Noteworthy Characteristics: American Beech has alternate, narrowly oval leaves with parallel veins and toothed margins. The upper surfaces are shiny and smooth whereas underneath, the leaves are more dull and paler in colour. The bark is thin, smooth, and light gray in colour. The pollen flowers appear in round clusters at the end of slender stalks and the seed flowers occur in clusters as the leaves unfold. The tree later produces bristly husks containing triangular nuts which mature from green to brown.